Bài tập tiếng Anh câu điều kiện có đáp án - Conditional Sentences

Câu điều kiện(conditional sentences) là 1 trong những dạng ngữ pháp luôn xuất hiện trong các đề thi tiếng Anh, ví dụ như TOEIC xác xuất thường từ 2 tới 4 câu. Và cũng rất dễ ăn điểm nếu bạn nắm vững kiến thức của các loại câu đặt biệt. Nhưng phải ghi nhớ thêm một số dạng câu điều kiện đặc biệt.

Bài tập tiếng Anh câu điều kiện có đáp án - Conditional Sentences


Dưới đây là bài viết tổng hợp bài tập về câu điều kiện có đáp án để các bạn làm quen ghi nhớ lâu với câu điều kiện ở cả 3 loại

Bài tập 1: Hoàn thành các câu sau với các các từ ở trong ngoặc câu điều kiện loại 1 2 3
1) If we meet at 9:30, we...........(to have) plenty of time.
2) Lisa would find the milk if she...........(to look) in the fridge.
3) The zookeeper would have punished her with a fine if she...........(to feed) the animals.
4) If you spoke louder, your classmates...........(to understand) you.
5) Dan...........(to arrive) safe if he drove slowly.
6) You...........(to have) no trouble at school if you had done your homework.
7) If you...........(to swim) in this lake, you'll shiver from cold.
8) The door will unlock if you...........(to press) the green button.
9) If Mel...........(to ask) her teacher, he'd have answered her questions.
10) I...........(to call) the office if I was/were you.

Đáp án:
1) will have
2) looked
3) had fed
4) would understand
5) would arrive
6) would have had
7) swim
8) press
9) had asked
10) would call




Bài tập 2 về câu điều kiện loại 1
1) If we...........(to send) an invitation, our friends...........(to come) to our party.
2) He...........(not/to understand) you if you (to whisper).
3) They...........(not/to survive) in the desert if they...........(not/to take) extra water with them.
4) If you...........(to press) CTRL + s, you...........(to save) the file.
5) You...........(to cross) the Channel if you...........(to fly) from Paris to London.
6) Fred...........(to answer) the phone if his wife (to have) a bath.
7) If Claire...........(to wear) this dress at the party, our guests...........(not/to stay) any longer.
8) If I...........(to touch) this snake, my girlfriend...........(not/to scream).
9) She...........(to forget) to pick you up if you (not/to phone) her.
10) I...........(to remember) you if you...........(to give) me a photo.


Đáp án:
  1. send/will come
  2. will not understand/whisper.
  3. will not survive/do not take
  4. press/will save
  5. will cross/fly
  6. will answer/has
  7. wears/will not stay
  8. touch/will not scream.
  9. will forget/do not phone
  10. will remember/give
Bài tập 3: Câu điều kiện loại 2
1) If you...........(to help) your grandma, I...........(to do) the shopping.
2) Andrew...........(to water) the flowers if he...........(to stay) at home.
3) If she...........(to have) 5 pounds more, she...........(to buy) herself this T-shirt.
4) If they...........(to offer) me the job, I...........(to take) it.
5) You...........(to have) summer holidays from June till August if you...........(to live) in the USA.
6) We...........(to sell) the bike for 20 Euros if Ron...........(to repair) it.
7) If you...........(to use) a pencil, the drawing...........(to be) perfect.
8) The children...........(to be) happy if he...........(to teach) them English.
9) If Ireen...........(to visit) us, we...........(to go) out tonight.
10) They...........(to come) again if he...........(to plan) a second stay.

Đáp án:
1) If you helped your grandma, I would do the shopping.
2) Andrew would water the flowers if he stayed at home.
3) If she had 5 pounds more, she would buy herself this T-shirt.
4) If they offered me the job, I would take it.
5) You would have summer holidays from June till August if you lived in the USA.
6) We would sell the bike for 20 Euros if Ron repaired it.
7) If you used a pencil, the drawing would be perfect.
8) The children would be happy if he taught them English.
9) If Ireen visited us, we would go out tonight.
10) They would come again if he planned a second stay.



Bài tập 4: Câu điều kiện loại 3
1) If you...........(to check) the car, it (not/to break) down in the middle of the desert.
2) If it...........(not/to rain), the children (to play) outside.
3) If my parents...........(not/to be) so tired, they...........(to watch) the film on TV.
4) If she...........(to buy) a new hard disk, she...........(not/to lose) all data.
5) If we...........(to use) the town map, we...........(not/to get) lost.
6) If Tom...........(to eat) more salad, he (not/to catch) a cold.
7) If the police...........(not/to stop) me, I...........(to reach) you in time.
8) If his older brother...........(not/to drive) so fast, he...........(not/to crash) into the other car.
9) If Fred...........(not/to cheat) at the test, his teacher...........(not/to phone) his father.
10) If I...........(not/to switch off) the radio, I...........(to know) about the second goal.


Đáp án:
1) If you had checked the car, it would not have broken down in the middle of the desert.
2) If it had not rained, the children would have played outside.
3) If my parents had not been so tired, they would have watched the film on TV.
4) If she had bought a new hard disk, she would not have lost all data.
5) If we had used the town map, we would not have got lost.
6) If Tom had eaten more salad, he would not have caught a cold.
7) If the police had not stopped me, I would have reached you in time.
8) If his older brother had not driven so fast, he would not have crashed into the other car.
9) If Fred had not cheated at the test, his teacher would not have phoned his father.
10) If I had not switched off the radio, I would have known about the second goal.



Bài tập câu trắc nghiệm câu điều kiện có đáp án ở phía cuối bài viết
1-If I ……….the same problem you had as a child, I might not have succeeded in life as well as you have.
A-have B-would have C-had had D-should have

2-I………you sooner had someone told me you were in the hospital.
A-would have visited B-visited C-had visited D-visit

3-………more help,I could call my neighbor.
A-needed B-should I need C-I have neeeded D-I should need

4-………then what I know today,I would have saved myself a lot of time and trouble over the years.
A-had I known B-did I know C-If I know D- If I would know

5-Do you think there would be less conflict in the world if all people…….the same language?
A-spoke B-speak C-had spoken D-will speak

6-If you can give me one good reason for your acting like this,……this incident again.
A- I will never mention B-I never mention C-will I never mention D-I don’t mention

7-I didn’t know you were asleep.Otherwise,I…….so much noise when I came in.
A-didn’t make B-wouldn’t have made C-won’t make D-don’t make

8-Unless you ……all of my questions,I can’t do anything to help you.
A-answered B-answer C-would answer D-are answering

9-Had you told me that this was going to happen, I…….it.
A-would have never believed B-don’t believe C-hadn’t believed D-can’t believe

10-If Jake……..to go on the trip, would you have gone?
A-doesn’t agree B-didn’t agree C-hadn’t agree D-wouldn’t agree







Trắc nghiệm câu điều kiện từ 11-20
11-When I stopped talking,Sam finished my sentence for me as though he …..my mind.
A-would read B-had read C-reads D-can read

12-if you……., I would have brought my friends over to your house this evening to watch T.V,but I didn’t want to bother you.
A-had studied B-studied C-hadn’t been studying D-didn’t study

13-I wish I…….you some money for your rent,but I’m broke myself.
A-can lend B-would lend C-could lend D-will lend

14-If someone ……in to the store,smile and say, “May I help you?”
A-comes B-came C-would come D-could come

15-“Here ‘s my phone number”.
“Thanks.I ‘ll give you a call if I …….some help tomorrow”
A-will need B-need C-would need D-needed

16-If I weren’t working for an accounting firm, I….in a bank.
A-work B-will work C-have worked D-would be working

17-The deathrate would decrease if hygienic conditions ……improved.
A-was B-is C-were d-had been

18-The education in Japan……..if the basic principles of education had not been taken into consideration.
A-would go down B-would have gone down C-went down D-had gone down

19-If there…….the ricefields could have been more productive.
A-had been enough water B-were enough water
C-would be enough water D-are enough water

20-the patient could not recover unless he ……an operation.
A-had undergone B-would undergo C-underwent D-was undergoing



Trắc nghiệm câu điều kiện từ 21 - 30
21-If she …..him,she would be very happy.
A-would meet B-will meet C-is meeting D-should meet

22-If he …..a thorough knowledge of English, he could have applied for this post.
A-had had B-had C-has D-has had

23-If I had enough money,I……abroad to improve my English.
A-will go B-would go C-should go D-should have go to

24-The bench would collapse if they……on it.
A-stood B-stand C-standing D-stands

25-If it……convenient, let’s go out for a drink tonight,
A-be B-is C-was D-were

26-If you……time, please write to me.
A-have B-had C-have had D-has

27-I shouldn’t go there at night if I ….you.
A-am B-was C-be D-were

28-If I …….get a pole, I will go fishing.
A-can B-could C-may D-might

29-If you had the chance,…….you go fishing?
A-did B-may C-would D-do

30-If you …..a choice, which country would you visit?
A-have B-had C-have had D-will have



Trắc nghiệm câu điều kiện từ 31-40
31-She will acept the offer if you persuade her.
A-unless B-because C-provided that D-otherwise

32-If he were here,he would accompany you on the piano.
A-Supposing he were here B-because he were here C-were he here D-Both Aand C

33-If she had gone abroad, she would have let you know.
A-had gone she abroad B-had she gone abroad
C-Because she had gone abroad D-while she had gone abroad

34-Trees won’t grow…….there is enough water.
A-if B-when C-unless D-as

35-……….she agreed, you would have done it.
A-if B-had C-should D-would

36-If he hadn’t wasted too much time , he ……in his examination.
A-would fail B-wouldn’t fail C-wouldn’t have failed D-won’t fail

37-If I had taken that English course, I…….much progress.
A-had made B-would have made C-made D-would make

38-If I were in your place, I….a trip to England.
A-will make B-had made C-would make D-made

39-If you inherited a million pounds,what…….with the money?
A-do you do B-will you do C-would you do D-are you going to do

40-If you……..as I told you, you…….in such predicament now.
A-Did/would not be B-had done/had not been
C-do/would not be D-had done /would not be



Trắc nghiệm câu điều kiện từ 41-50
41-Come and work for my company iif you…….better to do.
A-have nothing B-will have nothing C-had something D-had nothing

42-If you had done as I told you ,I think you……….
A-would succeed B-would have succeeded C-could succed D-had succeeded

43-If he had got half a mark more, he ……in the exam.
A-wouldn’t fail B-wouldn’t have failed C-won’t fail D-won’t be failing

44-If it……… tomorrow, we may postpone going.
A-rains B-will rain C-shall rain D-raining

45-If you hadn’t watched that late movie last night, you……sleepy now.
A-wouldn’t have been B-wouldn’t be
C-might have not been D-would’t have been being

46 - If you …….as I told you, you ……….sorry now.
A-did/would not be B-had done/had not been
C-do /would not be D-had done/would not be

47-If I………I will let you know .
A-am staying B-will stay C-do stay D-would stay

48-“Are you thinking about going to the Bahamas for the hollidays?”
“No,but if I ……the time , I would definitely go”
A-have B-had C-have had D-would have

49-“It’s really raining”
“Yes.If the weather……, we’ll have to camp somewhere else”.
A-would get worse B-might get worse C-get worse D-should get worse

50-“Why did you only send twenty dollats in the mail?”
“If I had had more money, I ……..given you more.”
A-will have B-would have C-would D-have



Trắc nghiệm câu điều kiện từ 51-60
51-“My boss made me work overtime again”.
“If I were you,I……….my job”.
A-would quit B-will quit C-must quit D-quit

52-“Thanks for your help”.
“…….want more information,call again tomorrow”.
A-were you B-had you to C-might you D- should you

53-“Remember the day I drove you to the airport?”.
“If you hadn’t ……me ,I would have been late”.
A-take B-taking C-took D-taken

54-“Sally finally got here from Chicago”.
“If she had come earlier,we……taken her to the play”.
A-would be B-would have C-had have D-would had

55-“I don’t know whether to take that mathematics course or not”.
“If ………you, I’d take it”.
A-I am B-I will be C-I had been you D-I were

56-“My car broke down when I was leaving Detroit and I had to take the bus”.
“………,we would have picked you up”.
A-had we known B-if we have known C-we had known D-if we did know

57-“It’s beginning to rain”.
“……..,we won’t be able to finish the ball game”.
A-If it stops B-should it stop C-unlees it stops D-if it didn’t stop

58-“Did you need help with your math last night?”.
“If I had, I………you”.
A-would call B-called C-would have called D-will call

59-“I’d really like some lunch but I have so much work to do”.
“……..what you want and I can get it for you”.
A-tell me B-if you would say me C-you will tell to me D-if you tell me

60-“John went to the hospital alone”,
“If …….,Iwould have gone with him”.
A-had he told me B-he had told me C-ha has told me D-he would tell me

Đáp 60 câu hỏi trắc nghiệm trên
1-C 31-C
2-A 32-D
3-B 33-B
4-A 34-C
5-A 35-B
6-A 36-C
7-B 37-B
8-B 38-C
9-A 39-C
10-C 40-D
11-B 41-A
12-C 42-B
13-C 43-B
14-A 44-A
15-B 45-B
16-D 46-D
17-C 47-C
18-B 48-B
19-A 49-D
20-C 50-B
21-D 51-A
22-A 52-D
23-B 53-D
24-A 54-B
25-B 55-D
26-A 56-A
27-D 57-C
28-A 58- C
29-C 59-A
30-B 60-B